The MaTeRiA project, funded under the National Operational Programme"Research and Competitiveness" (POR 2007-2013), is a joint initiative between University of Calabria (UNICAL) and National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze Fisiche della Materia-CNISM). The project aims to create an international Research and Services Centre for the study of innovative materials for advanced technology.
Technological heart of MaTeRiA is STAR (Southern Europe TBS source for Applied Research), an advanced X-ray source based on the Thomson Backscattering (TBS), which, combined with the laboratories and expertise of UNICAL and CNISM, represents a facility of great interest for scientific and industrial community.
The presence of STAR places the MaTeRiA project in the framework of the European Research Area (ERA). MaTeRiA is therefore a regional hub of a wide network for the study of advanced materials (Elettra, ESRF, DESY, Alba, SOLEIL, SRS, MAX-lab, etc.).
In particular, MaTeRiA promotes technology transfer to link academic basic research and industrial applications, encouraging the commercial exploitation of research and development results and the development of new business start-up and spin-off.
Research and service activities provided by MaTeRiA fall within the so-called Key Enabling Technologies (KET), considered strategic in the European Competitiveness Report 2010.


The target of the overall E2SG project is to devise and design mechanisms and policies to assemble, monitor and control smart grids, i.e. a set of interconnected nodes whose primary goal is to generate, exchange and consume electrical energy in the most efficient and reliable way by exploiting distributed information that is sensed, transmitted and processed over the same set of nodes and links. From this point of view, E2SG is complementary with respect to ERG that focuses on nodes with generation abilities whose interfaces are the main topic of common interest.
E2SG aims at addressing most of the challenges entailed in evolving the concept of smart-grid to the level needed by both the industrial players and the society of the next decades, and the uprising environmental awareness which will lead to the increasing exploitation of removable energy sources.
The ESG group will work on the 1st objective maned “Optimal power transfer to the grid from innovative devices or systems” and more specifically on the modeling and implementation of simulation tools for Si-based switching devices, and in the development of efficient optimization tools. Moreover it will investigate robust methods to address signal synchronization problems arising in grid voltages and currents.

Il caos a scuola.
Un approccio costruttivista per l’insegnamento/apprendimento della Teoria del Chaos

Initiatives for the dissemination of scientific culture. Annual projects - Call ex art.4 Legge 6/2000. Funded by MIUR - Ministry of Education, Universities and Research, Department of University, Higher Education in Art, Music, Dance and Research.

Project coordinator Professor Eleonora Bilotta


The research, development and demonstration activities planned for the ERG project focus on the solar energy supply chain, starting form solar cells and proceeding along with innovative energy extraction (harvesting) techniques, high efficiency power conversion and finally managing the energy distribution inside a smart grid, with the target of different classes of applications, from house to small area, as well as applications to specific “local grids” (healthcare, automotive, etc.).
By considering the full solar energy supply chain, the aim of the project is to produce relevant improvements of the industrial state-of-the-art in the efficiency of solar cells, in the optimization of energy generated by photovoltaic systems, in the loss reduction of power converters and, finally, in energy management strategy. The task of UNICAL is the task 3. Novel architectures for high performance silicon cells. Leader: ST
Modelling of emitter wrap through, metal wrap through, back-junction solar cells (IUNET, UNICT, UNICAL)
Physics-based electro-optical simulation of solar cells can provide relevant information concerning the impact of available technological options on the conversion efficiency. As of today, the PV community adopts 1-D simulators specifically developed and optimized for the analysis of PC cells. On the other hand, advanced cell architectures adopting Selective-Emitter and Rear-Point-Contacts lead to inherently 3-dimensional devices that cannot be realistically simulated by means of the conventional approaches.
In this project we will adopt a commercial 3D electrical device simulator (S-Devices Synopsys) with physical models tuned through comparison with available experimental results for PV cells, coupled to an in-house developed optical simulator based on Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis (RCWA) method.
For the Si PV cell parameter optimization algorithm, the optimal cell design problem will be tackled by using advanced evolutionary algorithms for the optimization of geometric and physical parameters in PV cells. In particular, we will use the Constrained Immunological Algorithm, a new population-based algorithm which has proven to be more performant than other state-of-art approaches like Controlled Random Search (CRS), Divide Rectangle (DiRECT) and the Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RGA).


MODERN (MOdeling and DEsign of Reliable, process variation-aware Nanoelectronic devices, circuits and systems) is a ENIAC JOINT UNDERTAKING, within the 7th Framework Research Programme of the European Union. The project coordinated by STMicroelectronics SA (France), involves 29 partners (both Industries and Universities) among which the University of Calabria (ESG group), and aims to develop new paradigms in integrated circuit design which will enable the manufacturing of reliable, low cost, low EMI, high-yield complex products using unreliable and variable devices.


LAST-POWER (Large Area silicon carbide Substrates and heTeroepitaxial GaN for POWER device applications) is a ENIAC Joint Undertaking.
The proposal aims to make EU independent from other developed countries on wide band gap semiconductors high quality material (150mm SiC and GaN), equipment and advanced processing. This field is of strategic importance since it involves the development of high efficient systems (of high revenue) for applications whenever an electric power is needed: from telecommunication to automotive, from consumer electronics to electrical household appliances, from industrial applications to home automation. In particular, the consortium will develop an European technology including equipments (growth, processing and characterization), processing (growth and device fabrication) and characterization (methods and equipments) till some of the possible applications. In this field the processing technologies for switching devices (MOSFET, normally off JFET) will be developed and demonstrators fabricated. Devices working at temperatures over 150°C will be developed including also necessary innovative packages.
The task of UNICAL will be the development of accurate device simulation tools for SiC and GaN materials, which are not available in the market. Due to this task complexity, involving physical and numeric aspects, the
UNICAL will be supported (as external consultant) by the Group of Applied Mathematics at the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science – Università di Catania. STMicroelectronics S.r.l. (Coordinator) (Italy); LPE S.p.A. LPE (Italy); Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche – Istituto per la Microelettronica e Microsistemi (Italy);  Epitaxial Technology Center S.r.l. (Italy); Foundation for Research & Technology-Hellas - Institute of Electronic Structure & Laser (Greece); Novasic S.A. (France); Consorzio Catania Ricerche (Italy); Instytut Wysokich Cisnien PAN Unipress (Poland); Università della Calabria (Italy); SiCrystal AG (Germany); SEPS Technologies AB (Sweden); SenSiC AB (Sweden); Acreo AB Department Nanoelectronics (Sweden); Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)


network of excellence
Network of Excellence is a project for the realization of an instrument to strengthen excellence by tackling the fragmentation of European research. The aim is to supply electronic contents on the basis of academic knowledges and to investigate different e-Learning environment and related communications lines.
EXu.net is a Network that involves 9 partners from seven different countrys: • Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany; • Universidade do Minho, Portugal; • University of Sao Paulo, Brazil; • University of the Basque Country, Spain; • Universität Rostock, Germany; • Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil; • Universita degli Studi di Trento, Italy; • University of Maribor, Slovenien; • Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.


SCIENAR (Scientific Scenarios and Art) is an EU project promoted by Culture 2007-2013. The central idea consists in developing and building three emblematic scenarios at the intersection of Science & Art, in order to create artistic objects (musical pieces, digital art objects, etc). The project is coordinated by Prof. Pietro Pantano (Department of Mathematics, University of Calabria, Italy), and it involves: • Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava; • Virtual Image Publishing, United Kingdom; • Institutul Pentru Tehnica de Calcul, Romania; • Electronic Media Reporting, Netherlands. 
The researches project concerns the application of Mathematics to the electronic industry, and in particular the theoretical development, study and numerical implementation of mathematical models in order to obtain: 1) new applications of electronic industry to communication; 2) new phenomena in the transition from micro to nano-electronics.
The project coordinated by prof. Prof. Pietro Pantano of the University of Calabria, involves: • Università di Catania, Dipartimento di Matematica ed Informatica e Dipartimento di Elettronica e Sistemistica; • Università di Firenze Dipartimento di Matematica Applicata “G. Sansone”; • Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Elettronica. Inoltre fa parte dello stesso progetto il seguente partenariato internazionale: • Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Fachbereich Mathematik, Germany; • Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Netherlands; • Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Fachbereich Mathematik Germany; • Universität Mainz, Fachbereich Mathematik und Informatik, Germany; • Universität Münster, Institut für Numerische und instrumentelle Mathematik,Germany; • University of California at Berkeley, Electronics Research Laboratory, United States; • George Mason University, College of Arts and Sciences, United States.
Connecting European Culture through New Technology (NETConnect) is a project promoted by Culture 2000 European Programme. The main objectives of the project are the following: - the sharing and highlighting of common Cultural Heritage of European significance; - the use of state-of-the-art technology to make European heritage more visible and accessible; - the improvement of access and participation in culture and in new technologies for all citizens of the EU; - cooperation activities between cultural operators and technological experts for spreading European culture through the newly established International network. The project coordinated by prof. P.A. Bertacchini of the University of Calabria, involves: • Fraunhofer-Institut for Computer Graphics, Germany (www.igd.fhg.de);  • Center for Advanced Computer Graphics Technologies - GraphiTech, Trento, Italy (www.graphitech.it); • Römisch- Germanische Kommission, Germany (www.dainst.org);  • Visual Communication and Interaction Technologies Centre – VICOMTech, Spain (www.vicomtech.es);  •  Institute of Archaeology of Warsaw University, Poland (http://www.archeo.uw.edu.pl).
  link: NETConnect web site   The NET-IN-TECH portal
COMSON (COupled Multiscale Simulation and Optimization in Nanoelectronics) is a Marie Curie Research Training Network supported by the European Commission in the framework of the programme "Structuring the European Research Area" within the 6th Framework Research Programme of the European Union.
The project coordinated by Prof. Michael Günther Bergische Universität Wuppertal (Germany), inolves: "Politehnica" University of Bucharest (Romania); Università degli Studi della Calabria (Italy); University of Catania (Italy); Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (The Netherlands); Infineon Technologies AG (Germany); Philips Semiconductors - NXP (The Netherlands); STMicroelectronics (Italy).

The project "Mathematical Modelling of Natural and Artificial Behavior" unifies interdisciplinary competences and defines methods and instruments for natural and artificial behaviors modelling. It's based on the idea that from the processes of organogenesis of the central nervous system to the higher cognitive processes, the architectural components that manage these functions are articulated into structures (patterns), at different scales, and that these models are emergent and self-organized, even if the stuff of the architecture of a determined process can be different. The aim is to create a virtuous circle between the comprehension of the biological phenomena through simulation, and a broadening of understanding through the power of the artificial representation of biological processes and the modelling techniques at present available. link : PRIN web site

virtual museum net of magna graecia
The objective of the "Virtual Museum Net of Magna Graecia” project is to provide an unitary image of the archaeological heritage of Calabria (a Southern Italian region), through Computer Technology, Multimedia Designing and Virtual Reconstructions. The project aims to encourage the technological transfer of the most advanced researches in the exploitation and conservation sector of the Cultural Heritage. The ”Virtual Museum Net of Magna Graecia” project is included in the context of Knowledge Media Design for Museums. This project links the museum scenery and multimedia, in order to use technology as system of representation.

PIA Innovation is an intervention aimed at the “industrialization of results” within the framework of initiatives in Southern Italy.
The project "Environments softwares to carrying out sounds and music based on dynamics and continuous systems " is financed within PIA Innovation program. It's realized by Longo & Longo society with the scientific collaboration of ESG group.
mobile learning
The research project concernes the implementation of e-learning mobile platform. The project coordinated by prof. P.Pantano of the University of Calabria, in collaboration of CONNEXXA system integrator company, involves also small and medium concerns.
The aim of the MASC (Music and Sound by Chaos) project, is to combine different knowledges to study music as cooperating processes. The project coordinated by prof. Bilotta of the University of Calabria, involves the MacGill University of Montreal.
Interfacce Multimodali in software musicali e contesti museali (IMISM)
The aim of the project is to create a musical virtual community and to promote new way of interaction using advanced user interfaces. This project foresees a closely collaboration between the Longo&Longo ltd, and the ESG group.