Evolutionary and generative music

The study of evolutionary and generative music arises from the researches conducted within the Artificial Life research area (Langton, 1986). In the last years a large number of researchers have considered useful to employ the complex dynamical systems to understand specific biological phenomenons. 
Music is a complex phenomenon, since it is the result of cognitive and biological interactions, as well as cultural processes. In fact, the emergent properties of a melody represent a successions of complex levels in comparison with the single elements of which it is constituted.  The scientific question, involved in the study of music, regards: the creative process of the production of musical compositions, the origin, the evolution, the development and the diffusion of musical culture in social contexts. Beginning from the analysis of complex systems, it is possible to study the emergent behaviour inside the environment, and to examine as the local interactions influence the evolution of the whole system. Thanks to such properties, the use of the dynamical systems finds different fields of application, especially in electronic art (Pagliarini et al, 2001) and in the generation of the musical models (Miranda, 2000; Bilotta et al., 2001). As regards this last aspect many researches are devoted to the design and implementation of (software) systems for the generation and the analysis of musical melodies.