Complex Systems

The interdisciplinary research field, denominated Complex Systems, investigates physical, biological and artificial organizations that manifest adaptive and self-organizing behaviours. The disciplines involved in such sector range from Biology to Physics, from Engineering to Economy,  including Cognitive Sciences and Mathematical Modelling. A complex system is an organization that includes a wide number of entities, of connected cooperating processes or agents, that manifest non predictable or rule defined behaviours. New scientific and methodological tools, non linear models, and the use of the simulations are necessary for their understanding. The comprehension of the behaviour of the whole system, their classification, the creation design of tools of analysis and scientific visualization used for the representation of such behaviours are a recurrent and central topic in the research area of Complex Systems. In this area, the Ph.D. course intends to confront the study of the biological, animal, human and artificial behaviour, with the continuous and discreet dynamical systems; the simulation of some evolutive processes through mathematical models, such as cellular automata; the study of complex structures, such as the analysis of DNA, through the mathematical modelling and linguistic approaches.