Artificial Life

The Von Neumann theoretical approach to construct an universal machine as been used to give life to a field of interdisciplinary research, with researchers coming from the Computer Science, Physics, Biology, Economics, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, whose principal aim is that to reproduce inside the computers and the other artificial media the significant characteristics of the vital phenomena. The Artificial Life, as a discipline, deals with the construction and the study of the systems created by man which have got the essential properties of natural life. The principal problems it deals with are:
which are the essential properties of life? Is it possible to use such living form in order to improve the resolution of the problems in traditional areas such as the Biology and Engineering?